The main function of the gall bladder is the storage and the concentration of the bile, around ten times more than the bile in the liver.
This bile can be said to be a liquid which is the secretory as well as the excretory product of the liver. The hepatoctes or the cells of the livers are the most efficient in its formations.
The main constituents of bile are the bile salts that are the sodium torrocolate and the potassium torrocolate, bile acids, bile pigments, bilirubin and biliverdin, and also some of the varieties of phospholipids, cholesterol and lecithin. The bile has its main function during the process of the digestion of the fats or the lipids.
The process of fat digestion does not start before the bile acts on the fats and emulsifies it. Thus it can be said that the emulsification of the lipids is the initiation of the process of the fat digestion. This function also helps in maintaining normal levels of the cholesterols in check, and even does the all vital operations of the absorption activities of the vitamins A D E K which are soluble in fats. .....more......
The most common process in the diagnosis of the gall stones have been the Ultra Sonography. By this technique the visibility of the gall stones becomes very clear and images of these can also be procured.
Through this method only those gall stones that have a diameter of more than 2 mm can be identified easily. The OCG or the Oral Cholecystography is a very important and an advanced useful technique .....more.....
Congenital anomalies of the gall bladder is not a very common disease arising in it, since the birth of an individual. The total number of affected persons from this kind of a disease is around of 10 - 20%.
These abnormalities may include the following:
- Abnormality in the size of the gall bladder
- Then there is also a condition known as the agenesis of the gall bladder .....more.....